REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN
The Republic of Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia between the Amudarya and Syr-darya rivers. The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent.
The culture of Uzbekistan is bright and distinctive, and it has evolved over the millennia and has incorporated the traditions and customs of the peoples that have inhabited the territory of modern Uzbekistan at various times.
Ancient Persians, Greeks, nomadic Turkic tribes, Arabs, Chinese, Russians contributed to it. The traditions of multi-ethnic Uzbekistan are reflected in music, dance, painting, applied arts, language and clothing. Uzbek culture is the quintessence of the cultures of Central Asia, but each region of Uzbekistan has its own unique colours, which are most evident in ethnic dress and local dialects.
Uzbek national costumes are very bright, beautiful, comfortable, and are part of the rich cultural traditions and way of life of the people.
The basis of the national men’s costume is the chapan, a gown that is connected by the fanny scarf, the kiikcha. The traditional headdress is a tyubeteika. The body is worn by a kuylak - the lower man’s dress is straight-cut, and the ishton - the wide pants, which are tapered to the bottom. Feet are in thin leather boots.
The traditional female costume of the Uzbeks consists of a simple atlas dress and the wide pants. The festive clothing uses satin cloth and gold-rich sewing. The women’s headdress consists of three elements: a tyubeteika, a handkerchief and a turban. In addition to the costume of Uzbek women of all ages was always added gold or silver jewellery.
Decorative and applied art is the most popular part of Uzbekistan’s culture, which gives huge expanse to tourists in the selection of souvenirs. Blacksmiths, potters, weavers, cutters and many others create works of art made of silk, clay, wood and metal, which are recognizable throughout the world through their smooth lines, geometrically perfect patterns, and harmony of shape.
The fine arts in Uzbekistan is a reflection of the history of the country. One of the oldest paintings is wall painting from the hilltop of Aphrosiab. With the advent of Islam, the image of man became forbidden, so the abstract painting developed. Later, the art of miniature came into being, which over time has achieved perfection and today is one of the most recognizable directions in the fine arts of Uzbekistan.
Uzbek dances are the embodiment of the beauty of the Uzbek people. Uzbek folk dances are distinguished from other oriental dances by their emphasis on hand movements and facial expressions during performances. However, each region has its own dance schools - some with abrupt movements, others with smooth movements, some with a short step, and others with the appearance of running.
The UNESCO World Heritage List of Uzbekistan includes the following sites: Historic Centre of Bukhara, Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz, Itchan Kala, Samarkand, Western Tien-Shan.
Some of the most prominent Uzbek persons are Tamerlan, Alisher Navoi, Abdulhalick Gizhduvany, Al-Choresmy, Kusam ibn Abbas, Malik Kayumov, Obidzhan Yunusov and many others.
Choydish (copper jug)