NIKOLAI RIMSKY-KORSAKOV 1844-1908
"Portrait of Nikolai
Author Rinat Kuramshin
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.He was a master of orchestration. Among his compositions are 15 operas, 3 symphonies, symphonic works, instrumental concerts, cantatas, chamber instrumental, vocal and sacred music. His best-known orchestral compositions-Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade - are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas. Scheherazade is an example of his frequent use of fairy tale and folk subjects.
For much of his life, Rimsky-Korsakov combined his composition and teaching with a career in the Russian military-at first as an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, then as the civilian Inspector of Naval Bands. This love of the sea may have influenced him to write two of his best-known orchestral works, the musical tableau Sadko (not to be confused with his later opera of the same name) and Scheherazade. He had a so-called color ear: each key was seen in a certain color. The followers of the composer were about 200 outstanding musicians, including such values as Prokofiev, Stravinsky, Gnesin, Taneyev and others.
Photo. F. Chaliapin in the role of the Varangian guest.
Photo. M. Fokin in the ballet "Scheherazade"
E. Tsvetkova as Militris. Opera "The Tale of Tsar Saltan"
Opera "The Snow Maiden"