REPUBLIC OF TUVA

Tuva is situated in  East Siberian District of the Russian Federation. The capital is the city of Kyzyl. 

The culture of Tuvans is the culture of nomads.  Due to its relatively isolated position - the absence of railways, mountains surrounding the territory on all sides - self-sufficient nomadic farms have survived in Tuva to this day. And as before, the annual holiday of livestock breeders "Naadym" is the most important celebration in Tuva with a thousand-year history.  Naadym is celebrated for several days in a row.

Competitions for the best yurt, for the best equestrian equipment, and the best national costume are organized. During Naadym, the International Felt Festival is held, which attracts felt manufacturers from neighboring regions and Mongolia.  The national wrestling "Khuresh" (Tuv. Khuresh) is the "nail" of Naadim. The program of Naadym includes a fair of national cuisine, livestock utensils, national clothes, felt products, Tuvan musical instruments and handicraft products.

Naadym ends with a festive concert - a grandiose performance, which becomes a worthy finale of the most colorful holiday of the republic.

The traditional religion of Tuvans is Tibetan Buddhism, which had a significant impact on their culture: it left an imprint on folk rituals, holidays, and traditional medicine. For example, "Shagaa" - the New Year according to the lunar calendar. 

At the heart of all Tuvan folk music is throat singing, a major form of overtone singing that has gained an impressive amount of exposure in recent years. It originated within the Turko-Mongol tribes of the Altai and Sayan mountains located in southern Siberia and western Mongolia. Initially, it arose out of an effort to mimic one’s surroundings, and for the pastoral people of Tuva, and Mongolia, the surrounding environment often provided great acoustics for their singing. Even today, many throat singers will seek out rivers, steppes, etc in which they can sit and sing.
The nature of Tuva, untouched by civilization, excites the minds and hands of archaeologists. Of particular archaeological interest are such sights as the ancient Scythian monument Arzhaan-2 mound, the remains of Uyghur fortresses and the Orkhon-Yenisei writing.

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