PRINCE NIKOLAI YUSUPOV

"Portrait of Prince

Nikolay Yusupov"

Artist Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder

  Was a Russian nobleman and art collector of the House of Yusupov.

He was the eldest son of Prince Boris Grigoryevich Yusupov (1695-1759). He served as a senator (from 1788), diplomat (from 1783 to 1789), Actual Civil Councillor (from 1796), Minister of State Properties (1800–16), a member of the Council of State (from 1823) and Director of Imperial Theatres (1791-1796) under a series of sovereigns, including Catherine the GreatPaul I and Alexander I. He later also served as director of the Hermitage (in 1797), the Kremlin Armoury (date unknown) and the state porcelain and glass factories. A patron of the arts and a keen traveller, he spoke five languages and corresponded with Voltaire.

  During his journey he purchased a large collection of art for the tsar, acting as a mediator between the tsars and European artists. Yusupov collected for himself alongside collecting for the tsars, and thus his own collection of paintings and objets d'art evolved from the same sources as the Imperial one.  His own collection became one of Europe's richest collection. In 1810 Yusupov bought Arkhangelskoye Estate, where he lived with his wife and family and which he turned into a luxurious palace, park and summer residence in Moscow. Prince Nicholas built his own porcelain factory there, with much of the artisans from France. After 1917 his extensive collection was broken up and passed to several different museums, though the bulk of it is kept in Arkhangelskoye, the Hermitage and the Pushkin Museum. 

Front dining room.

Arkhangelskoye Estate Museum

Arkhangelskoye Estate Museum

 

Collection of French art of the 18th - 19th centuries From the collection of princes Yusupov. Hermitage

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