MARIUS  PETIPA  1818-1910


"Portrait of Marius Petipa"

The Author Rinat Kuramshin

  Marius Ivanovich Petipa was french and russian ballet soloist, choreographer, theater worker and teacher. Marius Petipa is noted for his long career as Premier maître de ballet (First Ballet Master) of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres, making him Ballet Master and principal choreographer of the Imperial Ballet (precursor of the Kirov/Mariinsky Ballet), a position he held from 1871 until 1903.

  Petipa created over fifty ballets, some of which have survived in versions either faithful to, inspired by, or reconstructed from the original. Among these works, he is most noted for The Pharaoh's Daughter,  Don Quixote, La Bayadère, Le Talisman, The Sleeping Beauty,  The Nutcracker, Le Réveil de Flore, La Halte de cavalerie, Raymonda, Les Saisons, and Les Millions d’Arlequin. Only during the life of the choreographer the ballet "Sleeping beauty" was performed 200 times.

 Petipa revived a substantial number of works created by other choreographers. Petipa's school in ballet has proved to be the longest and strongest in the history of its existence in Russia. And today, the "Petipa Era" continues to live in choreographer's ballets around the world.

Photo. Scene from the ballet "Pharaoh's Daughter». Mariinsky Theatre. 1862

Photo. The Mariinsky Theatre. The end of the

XIX century

The first stagin of the ballet by

P. Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker. 1892