NIKOLAI GOGOL 1809-1852 

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"Portrait of Nikolai Gogol"

Author Rinat Kuramshin

Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol  was a Russian novelist, short story writer and playwright of Ukrainian origin.

Gogol was one of the first to use the techniques of surrealism and the grotesque in his works ("The Nose", "Viy", "The Overcoat", "Nevsky Prospekt"). His early works, such as "Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka", were influenced by his Ukrainian upbringing, Ukrainian culture and.

The novel Taras Bulba (1835) and the play Marriage (1842), along with the short stories "Diary of a Madman", "The Tale of How Ivan Ivanovich Quarreled with Ivan Nikiforovich", "The Portrait" and "The Carriage", are also among his best-known works.

According to Vissarion Belinsky and Nikolay Chernyshevsky, Gogol had a huge influence on Russian and world literature. Gogol's influence was acknowledged by Mikhail BulgakovFyodor DostoevskyRyūnosuke AkutagawaFlannery O'ConnorFranz Kafka and others.

A significant number of films have been made based on the works of N.Gogol, works of music and musical theater have been created.

Memorable 
memorial plaque on the house in Rome, where N.Gogol lived

A scene from the ballet "The Inspector" 

staged by A. Tchaikovsky

The house in Moscow where N. Gogol lived and worked in recent years. The writer died here

The book

"Dead Souls" 1952