THE REPUBLIC OF MORDOVIA
The Republic of Mordovia is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. The capital is Saransk.
Folk art of the Mordovian people is diverse. These are jewelry, embroidery, pattern weaving, beading, artistic woodwork, as well as oral poetry, music, and dance art.
Archeologists help us to get acquainted with the jewelry art of Mordovia. During the excavations, they find all sorts of jewelry made of copper, silver, gold and their alloys. Masters perfectly mastered the techniques of Metalworking.
The Mordovian National Costume appeared in ancient times in peasant environment, and during that time it was endowed with characteristic features, such as particular cut, special cloth, ornaments and special decoration. The folk Mordovian costume, especially female, is very colorful. It is subdivided into Erzya and Moksha types.
Most fabrics for making clothes were homemade. Erzya and Moksha folk costumes had reached their complete artistic expressiveness by the middle of the 19th century The people, who worked on the land, could make fabrics themselves. They produced linen or stout canvas for hempen shirts, woolen cloth for warm clothes, brightly colored wool embroidery threads. They were painted using vegetable colorings. Mordovian embroidery decorated mainly festive women's clothing, giving it a unique flavor. Women's clothing was especially beautifully embroidered, consisting of a set of shirts.It contains a lot of traditional features. Hand Embroidery Patterns has national symbols of ancient pagan beliefs.
Decorative wood carving is another traditional form of Mordovian art. It was mostly done by men. Ornaments were applied to the Gables of huts, wedding chests, looms, spinning wheels.
The musical creativity of the Mordovian people reflects both collective and individual traditions. The first were more evident in the performance of non-ritual songs – epic, lyrical, round dance; the second – in wedding, funeral, memorial lamentations,lullabies. The Mordovian people created an art of polyphonic choral singing that was striking in its beauty and harmony. It is recognized as unique not only among Finno-Ugric peoples, but also in the world music culture in General. Famous people: F.Ushakov, M.Bakhtin, S.Erzia, F.Sychkov, A.Polezhaev, N.Ogarev, V.Shukshin and many others