REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
Moldova, officially the Republic of Moldova, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east and south. The capital of Moldova is Chishinau.
Moldovan culture was primarily influenced by neighboring Romania, and also has traces of Slavic traditions. The famous Moldovan and Romanian folk holiday is Marzichor, a traditional festival of the Spring Meeting, which is celebrated on 1 March. On this day, people give each other small boutonnieres in the form of flowers made of white and red flowers. This decoration, as well as the holiday, is called Marzichor.
Since the Romanians and the Moldovans are very closely related peoples, their national costumes are very similar. Like any folk costume, variations of the Moldovan folk costume vary greatly from region to region, but are generally characterized by the predominance of white uncleaned fabric and ornaments.
There are three types of ornaments used: abstract, geometric, with images of animals, birds, and humans, and with floral motifs, which appeared in the 16th and 17th centuries. There are several variations of national headgear, for example, «kushma», «marame», «chapse», «gyrpae».
In the context of subsistence farming, the fabrics and clothing of the peasants were made at home, and only some parts of the costume, such as shoes, tulips and caps, were purchased from tailors and shoemakers.
Moldavian folk music is known for its fast, complex rhythms (characteristic of many Eastern European traditions), musical improvisation, syncopations and a variety of melodic ornaments. It is also closely related to the music of its neighbour and cultural ancestor, Romania.
Moldovan folk choreography has preserved elements of the oldest dance traditions. The most common dance is «chora». At the beginning of the 19th century, «chora» meant not only a certain dance, but also a kind of rural festivities.
The most important and characteristic trade in Moldova is winemaking. Winemaking began to develop after the formation of the Moldavian feudal state in the 14th century and reached its peak in the 15th century. The most important wine varieties became traditional, such as Rara Neagra, Plavai, Galbena, Zghiharda, Batuta Granea, Cabasia, as well as Hungarian, Bulgarian and Turkish varieties. In the second half of the 19th century, grape varieties from France began to be cultivated intensively.
One site from the Republic of Moldova, the Struve Geodetic Arc, is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Names of some prominent figures in the history and culture of Moldova: Vasile Alexandre, Boris Aniself, George Asaki, Jakob Burgiu, Zlata Tkach, Max Fishman, Valentin Mendek.
Moldovan folk costume
Moldovan embroidered towels