MAZHIT NURGANIEVICH GAFURI 1880-1934
"Portrait of Mazhit Gafuri"
Artist Rinat Kuramshin
Soviet Bashkir and Tatar poet; the founder of Soviet Bashkir literature; People’s Poet of the Bashkir ASSR (1923).
Gafuri appeared as a writer and educator on the eve of the Revolution of 1905-1907 with the collection of poetry Siberian Railroad (1904) and a short story,
"A Life of Penury” (1903). In 1905, Gafuri participated in student disturbancesin Kazan. His writing took a revolutionary and a democratic nature. During theyearsof reaction, his collections of poetry My Young Life (1906) and Love of Nation
(1907) were confiscated; in 1911 he was put under police surveillance.
Gafuri welcomed the Great October Revolution (the collection Red Banner, 1917). His best works were produced in the Soviet period: the narrative poem The Worker (1921); Red Star, a play about the Civil War and the building of a new life;the stories Black Faces (1927), on woman’s disfranchisement before the revolution,and Stages of Life (1930), on molding the minds of the masses during the years of war and revolution; and the autobiographical In the Poet’s Gold Fields (1931).
In 1928-1929 Gafuri wrote the libretto of the Opera "The Worker". Gafuri, one of the founders of a national children’s literature, also wrote
by Mazhit Gafuri
Cover of the first collection of poems after Mazhit Gafuri "Siberian railway"
A scene from the play
"Black Faces" by M. Gafuri
Bashkir state academic drama theatre
named after Mazhit Gafuri