THE KARACHAY-CHERKESS REPUBLIC
The Karachay-Cherkess Republic is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. It is part of the North Caucasus Federal district and is part of the North Caucasus economic district. The capital city is Cherkessk.
It borders the Krasnodar territory in the West, the Stavropol territory in the North, the Kabardino — Balkar Republic in the East, and Georgia and Abkhazia in the South along the Main Caucasian ridge. It was established on January 12, 1957 as the Karachay-Cherkess Autonomous region, which was transformed into a Republic in 1992.
Official languages: Abaza, Karachay, Nogai, Russian and Circassian. According to the Constitution of the Republic, Russian is also the language of international communication and official business. One of the most multi-ethnic and multilingual regions of Russia, which is located at the foot of the majestic Elbrus, in the upper reaches of the Kuban river.
The fine and applied art of the Karachay people also originates from the depth of centuries.
This is evidenced by the identity of drawings, patterns, plant, animal and geometric ornaments found by scientific researchers during excavations in the places of traditional residence of the people, and now, or in the recent past, used by the Karachay people.
The musical art of the Karachay people has been known since ancient times and is famous throughout the Caucasus. Among the performers on folk instruments that are particularly valued by the people, we can name APPU Dzhanibekov and Islam Krymshamkhalov (X1X-XX centuries), who played various instruments, Aubekir Kulov, Apalistan Alakayeva, who played the national accordion, Boris Khalilov, Ismail Kanamatov, Ruslan Botashev - on the "sybyzgy" (type of longitudinal flute). Larissa Aliyev on "Jacky jobuse" (such as the national violin) and many others.
Folk women's Circassian costume
Ceramics of Karachay-Cherkessia