MAXIM GORKY 1868-1936
Author Rinat Kuramshin
Alexei Maximovich Peshkov primarily known as Maxim Gorky was a Russian writer and political activist. He was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Before his success as an author, he traveled widely across the Russian Empire changing jobs frequently, experiences which would later influence his writing.
Gorky's most famous works are a short story collection Sketches and Stories (1899), plays The Philistines (1901), The Lower Depths (1902) and Children of the Sun (1905), a poem The Song of the Stormy Petrel (1901), his autobiographical trilogy My Childhood, In the World, My Universities (1913–1923), and a novel Mother (1906). Gorky himself judged some of these works as failures, and Mother has been frequently criticized. However, there have been warmer judgements of some less-known post-revolutionary works such as the cycles Fragments from My Diary (1924) and Stories of 1922–1924 (1925), the novels The Artamonov Business (1925) and The Life of Klim Samgin (1925–1936). Unlike his pre-revolutionary writings (known for their "anti-psychologism"), these differ with an ambivalent portrayal of the Russian Revolution and "untimely interest to human psychology". He had associations with fellow Russian writers Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov; Gorky would later mention them in his memoirs.
Photo. V. Kashirin's house, where he lived M. Gorky in the period from 1871-1872 Nizhny Novgorod city
Photo. "Maxim Gorky
Photo. Ryabushinsky Mansion,
where Maxim Gorky lived. Moscow