Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi.
During the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia, such as Colchis and Iberia. The Georgians officially adopted Christianity in the early 4th century.
Georgian culture evolved over thousands of years from its foundations in the Iberian and Colchian civilizations.
Elements of Anatolian, European, Persian, Arabian, Ottoman and Far Eastern cultures have influenced Georgia’s own ethnic identity resulting in one of the most unique and hospitable cultures in the world.
Georgian culture was influenced by Classical Greece, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the various Iranian empires.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Georgia: The Bagrati Cathedral, which built in the 11th century, Mtskheta Historical Monuments, Upper Svaneti Caucasus Mountains, Villages, and Tower-Houses.
The traditional Georgian applied art is mainly represented by high art items from ceramics, metal, wood, and bones. Georgia is famous for its fine jewelry, engraving on metal, and armory. Georgia has about 100 museums.
A masterpiece of the Georgian literature is "The Knight in the Panther's Skin", which is a Georgian medieval epic poem, written in the 12th century by Georgia's national poet Shota Rustaveli.
There are just a few countries in the entire world with such a developed choral culture as in Georgia.
Georgia has rich and still vibrant traditional music, which is primarily known as the earliest polyphonic tradition of the Christian world. Situated on the border of Europe and Asia, Georgia is also the home of a variety of urban singing styles with a mixture of native polyphony, Middle Eastern monophony and late European harmonic languages.
Georgia is known for its folklore, traditional music, dances, theatre, cinema, and art. Notable painters from the 20th century include Niko Pirosmani, Lado Gudiashvili, Elene Akhvlediani; notable ballet choreographers include George Balanchine, Vakhtang Chabukiani, and Nino Ananiashvili; notable poets include Galaktion Tabidze, Lado Asatiani, and Mukhran Machavariani; and notable theatre and film directors include Robert Sturua, Tengiz Abuladze, Giorgi Danelia and Otar Ioseliani.