RUSSIAN  FEDERATION

THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA

The republic is located in the center of Asia, in the south of Eastern Siberia.  The capital is Ulan-Ude. It is a large territory stretching from south-west to north-east in the form of a crescent along Lake Baikal.
Baikal is the deepest lake on the planet, the largest natural reservoir of fresh water and the largest freshwater lake by area on the continent.  The most important and valuable attraction not only in Buryatia, but also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

83% of the territory of Buryatia is covered with forests.  Therefore, the main values ​​of the region are natural beauty and iconic places associated with the indigenous peoples of Buryatia: biosphere and nature reserves, national and natural parks, wildlife sanctuaries and recreational areas.

Buryatia has more than 1500 objects of cultural heritage are under state protection.  Among them are Orthodox cathedrals and Buddhist datsans.

Modern Buryats are descendants of nomads living in the area of ​​Lake Baikal since the 6th century.

The Buryats are the only indigenous people of Siberia who created their own historical written sources and owns their own literary monuments "Buryat chronicles".

The traditional literature of the Buryats included a number of semi-Buddhist, semi-shamanic works, containing the stories of famous shamans and the rules of worshiping shamanic deities.

The main centers of literary activity were the Datsan monasteries, which included scholars and translators.  Many of the Datsans were equipped with libraries and printing houses, where books were printed using woodcuts.

Buryat folklore consists of myths, uligers, shamanic invocations, legends, cult hymns, fairy tales, proverbs, sayings, riddles. Also, the folk dance - Yokhor is widespread throughout ethnic Buryatia.  Performed to the accompaniment of a orchestra or a cappella.

You can see it and even participate in it.  At the international Buryat national festival - "Altargana" and in the annual festival "Yokhora Night".  General aim  of these festivals is saving and reviving of traditional culture and national sports of the Buryat ethnos, saving the language, traditions, customs, way of life, ethics of the Buryat people.

In addition, Buryatia has its own national holidays: "Sagaalgan" - New Year according to the Eastern calendar

"Eryn Gurbaan Naadan" is a Buryat folk sports festival, within the framework of which compulsory competitions are held in three sports - archery, horse racing and wrestling.

Each Buryat clan has its own national dress, which is extremely diverse (mainly among women).

The Buryats attached great importance to jewelry.  Women's jewelry of the Eastern Buryats amazed by its complexity, multi-component and multicomponent nature.  Girls wore 10 to 20 plaits decorated with many coins.  On their necks, women wore corals, silver and gold coins, etc.;  in the ears - huge earrings supported by a cord thrown over the head, and behind the ears - "polta" (pendants);  on the hands of silver or copper bracelets.

Among the outstanding figures of culture, art and science of Buryatia: D. Banzarov, D. Dashiev, L. Sakhyanova,

G. Tsydynzhapov, G. Shoydagbayeva, B. Yampilov, R. Sakhaltuev, D. Namdakov and others. The Russian artist Nikolai Roerich made a great contribution to the development of relations between Buryatia and Tibet.

Buryat folk costume

Malgai. Buryat folk headdress

Buryat folk jewelry

The Buryat instrument by Maureen Huur