EDWARD BENJAMIN BRITTEN 1913-1976
Edward Benjamin Britten"
Author Rinat Kuramshin
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten OM CH was an English composer,
conductor and pianist. He was a central figure of 20th-century British classical
music, with a range of works including opera, other vocal music, orchestral
and chamber pieces. His best-known works include the opera Peter Grimes
(1945), the War Requiem (1962) and the orchestral showpiece The Young
Person’s Guide to the Orchestra (1945).
He studied at the Royal College of Music in London.With the premiere of Peter
Grimes in 1945, he leapt to international fame. Over the next 28 years, he
wrote 14 more operas, establishing himself as one of the leading 20th-century
composers in the genre. In addition to large-scale operas for Sadler’s Wells
and Covent Garden, he wrote «chamber operas» for small forces, suitable
for performance in venues of modest size. His most frequent and important
muse was his personal and professional partner, the tenor Peter Pears. Britten
was a celebrated pianist and conductor, performing many of his own works in
concert and on record.
Together with Pears and the librettist and producer Eric Crozier, Britten founded the annual Aldeburgh Festival in 1948, and he was responsible for the creation of Snape Maltings concert hall in 1967. In his last year, he was the first composer to be given a life peerage.
Britten’s birthplace in Lowestoft, which was the Britten family home for over twenty years
John Piper’s Benjamin Britten memorial
window in the Church of St Peter and St
Royal College of Music